A Heavily Mined Country Grapples With Bombs In Baby Food Jars

Nov 12, 2017
Originally published on November 18, 2017 6:36 am

Kevin Canas Quitumbo was 13 years old when shrapnel from a land mine ripped through his left leg, up his torso and all the way to the back of his skull. That was five years ago. His doctors are still working to repair the damage.

"In January and February I have to go back to the hospital," he says. "The doctors are going to put additional metal rods into my foot."

Canas stepped on the mine during a protest for indigenous rights in the southwestern region of Cauca in Colombia. He was with a group of friends, and they wanted to get to the front of the march. So they ran off the main road to cut ahead.

"After the accident I was in the hospital for four months," he says.

Mines are strewn all over Colombia — a legacy of more than 50 years of fighting between the heavily armed, well-financed FARC rebels (also known as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) and the government. Both sides used mines, although the military says it has cleared the explosives it planted defensively around bases.

Since the peace accord with FARC was signed last year, efforts are ramping up to clear what could be tens of thousands of mines that still litter the Colombian countryside.

According to government statistics more than 11,000 people in Colombia have been injured by land mines over the past decade. Nearly 2,300 of those blasts were fatal. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines lists Colombia as one of the most mined countries in the world.

For Canas, the 2012 blast didn't just affect him physically; it killed his dream.

"The hardest thing is that I can't go back to playing soccer," he says.

Canas is a soccer fanatic. Before his accident, he says, he played constantly. He still avidly supports Atletico Nacional, a professional team in Medellín, but his playing days are over.

Handicap International is one of the groups setting up de-mining teams. A team from the nonprofit has been clearing a suspected minefield in the southwest of the country, near where Canas was injured.

Virgilio Cifuentes, a supervisor of the de-mining team, says leftover mines and even rumors of leftover mines have a chilling effect.

"It creates fear in the whole community," he says.

Cifuentes' crew of seven de-miners, dressed in blue blastproof vests and thick plexiglass visors, is methodically removing the top 5 inches of soil from an overgrown lot. Each team member focuses on a narrow, taped-off section of the field. They gently scrape away the soil with a small hoe. They pluck out any rocks and gingerly cut the roots of weeds and small bushes with clippers. Inch by inch, each team member moves forward through the dirt.

The land that Handicap International is clearing sits in a fork in the Pan American Highway adjacent to a bus stop. "A field like this for me is very dangerous," Cifuentes says. "There are people who don't know this area who might walk through here. A child playing with a ball could get killed by a bomb like the one we found here yesterday."

Just the day before, his team unearthed a crude, improvised explosive. It was a baby-food jar packed with gunpowder and ball bearings. "The majority of anti-personnel mines here in Colombia are homemade. They use any type of container — a soda bottle, a wood box, a baby-food jar, plastic," he says.

When a team comes to a place to de-mine, he says, "we don't know what we are going to come across." That makes searching for explosives even harder. Team members use hand-held metal detectors, but at times these are ineffective because some of the explosives don't have much metal in them.

Johanna Galuis, a field supervisor at the site, says her role on the de-mining team is more than a job — it's a chance to do something for her country.

"For me and for all Colombians, this is an opportunity," Galuis says. She says de-mining can help Colombians put the decade-long conflict behind them. "It's an opportunity that shouldn't be wasted." Galuis is wearing the same blastproof smock and thick plexiglass face shield as the de-miners she is monitoring.

"They need to dig out 13 centimeters [5 inches] of soil," Galuis says of the de-miners hunched in the dirt in front of her.

Mine clearing is an incredibly slow process..

"For example, it's taken nearly three months to clear this lot," she says, gesturing at the triangular plot of land that's roughly 25 yards long on each side.

And she confesses that the work is scary.

"The fear is always there," she says. "If you say you're not afraid, you're lying. But if you do things calmly, work carefully, everything will come out well."

And she says the work is gratifying.

"You enter a place where there was a lot of fear. People couldn't go into the fields; they couldn't grow crops. They couldn't walk in certain areas," she says.

After de-mining, "there's the satisfaction that now they can do that."

Maria Yolanda Mosqueda lives across the street from the lot where the Handicap International team is working. The place terrifies her, she says, and she wouldn't risk walking through there.

Before the lot was fenced off, kids used to cut through on their way to school. Once this patch of land is finally declared mine-free, Mosqueda says, it will be as if a weight is lifted from the whole community.

Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

In Colombia, a decades-long conflict between FARC guerrillas and the government might be officially over. But the country still grapples with a nasty legacy of that war - landmines. Farmers are afraid to return to some fields. Parents worry about children stumbling into hidden explosives. NPR's Jason Beaubien reports how mines continue to cast a pall over daily life there.

JASON BEAUBIEN, BYLINE: Kevin Canas Quitumbo was 13 years old when shrapnel from a landmine ripped through his left leg, up his torso and all the way to the back of his skull. He's 18 years old now, and doctors are still working to repair the damage.

KEVIN CANAS QUITUMBO: (Through Interpreter) In January and February, I have to go back. The doctors are going to put additional metal rods in my foot.

BEAUBIEN: Canas lives in the southwestern Colombian region of Cauca. He was at a protest for indigenous rights with a group of friends from school when he stepped on the mine. The boys wanted to get to the front of the march, so they ran off the main road to cut to the head of the rally.

CANAS: (Through interpreter) After the accident, I was in the hospital for four months.

BEAUBIEN: He was in a coma and had infections in several parts of his body. It's not clear who planted the mine that exploded under Canas. But more than 50 years of fighting between heavily armed, well-financed rebels and the government has left mines strewn all over Colombia. According to government statistics, more than 11,000 people in Colombia have been injured by landmines over the last decade. Nearly 2,300 of those blasts were fatal.

For Kevin Canas, the damage from the mine goes far beyond his physical wounds. The months in the hospital set him back significantly at school. He now works days on a construction site and is trying to finish high school at night. The explosion, he says, also killed his boyhood dream.

CANAS: (Through interpreter) The hardest thing is that I can't go back to playing soccer.

BEAUBIEN: He still avidly supports Atletico Nacional, a professional team in Medellin. But he walks with a significant limp and struggles to fully straighten his left leg.

Since the peace accord with the FARC was signed last year, efforts are ramping up to clear what could be tens of thousands of landmines that still litter the Colombian countryside. Handicap International is one of the groups setting up de-mining teams. Currently a team from the nonprofit is clearing a suspected minefield in the town of La Venta, not far from where Canas lives. Aderito Ismael, who heads up de-mining for Handicap International in Colombia, says the time period right after a peace deal is often one of the most dangerous when it comes to landmines.

ADERITO ISMAEL: When they were finished, the number of accidents seems to be increasing because people just go back for new land or land that they don't have knowledge about.

BEAUBIEN: He's originally from Mozambique and has seen this happen in many post-conflict zones around the world.

(SOUNDBITE OF ENGINE RUNNING)

BEAUBIEN: Near a busy road in La Venta, the Handicap International de-miners in bulky blast-proof suits are methodically removing the top five inches of dirt from an overgrown lot. Two years ago, a man was injured by an explosive here, and this team found another bomb buried in the soil. Maria Yolanda Mosqueda, who lives across the street from the lot, says the place terrifies her and she wouldn't risk walking through there.

MARIA YOLANDA MOSQUEDA: (Speaking Spanish).

BEAUBIEN: "Before the lot was fenced off, kids used to cut through it on their way to school. Once this patch of land is finally declared mine-free," Mosqueda says, "it will be as if a weight is lifted from the whole community."

Jason Beaubien, NPR News, Cauca, Colombia.

(SOUNDBITE OF AROVANE AND HIOR CHRONIK'S "EIN KLEINES LIED") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.