Religion
4:00 am
Wed May 29, 2013

Pope Francis: Even Atheists Can Be Redeemed

Originally published on Wed May 29, 2013 12:36 pm

Pope Francis has been in office for just over two months and has been making headlines for many remarks that emphasize inclusiveness, contrasting sharply with his predecessors' style and apparently even with centuries-old Catholic dogma.

The latest was a statement last week that all human beings, even atheists, can be redeemed.

The pope was delivering a homily in the chapel of the Domus Santa Marta residence inside Vatican grounds where he has decided to live. He recites mass and delivers a homily there every morning except Sunday for Vatican employees and whoever else might be staying at the residence.

In a passage inspired by the Gospel of Mark, Pope Francis said:

"The Lord has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: all of us, not just Catholics. Everyone! 'Father, the atheists?' Even the atheists. Everyone! And this Blood makes us children of God of the first class. We are created children in the likeness of God and the Blood of Christ has redeemed us all. And we all have a duty to do good. And this commandment for everyone to do good, I think, is a beautiful path towards peace. If we, each doing our own part, if we do good to others, if we meet there, doing good, and we go slowly, gently, little by little, we will make that culture of encounter: We need that so much. We must meet one another doing good. 'But I don't believe, Father, I am an atheist!' But do good: We will meet one another there."

Headlines across the world immediately proclaimed, "Even Atheists Can Go To Heaven."

A Vatican spokesman quickly intervened. Father Thomas Rosica said "people who know the Catholic Church cannot be saved if they refuse to enter or remain in her."

Reaching Out

The Vatican spin tried to dampen the media hype. Nevertheless, the remark was another example of this pope reaching out to an audience that goes well beyond the church.

The pope previously said atheists can be "precious allies" in the building of a peaceful coexistence between peoples and in the careful protection of creation.

This is the style of a parish priest who wants dialogue with his flock and beyond.

And it is in stark contrast to the style of Francis' immediate predecessor, Benedict XVI, who was much more restrained and had a bleaker view of the world.

Benedict's carefully prepared speeches were heavy on theology. Francis uses a conversational, down-to-earth tone, and to the dismay of the Vatican press office, he often improvises from his prepared text. He talks about his personal history and gives homey anecdotes about his mother and grandmother.

He even said recently that he sometimes nods off to sleep while praying. Benedict rarely gave any hints of his personal history. Rather, he focused on the dangers of the contemporary world.

Francis seems to have a more optimistic personality, and he loves to mix with the faithful in the huge crowds in St. Peter's Square and shake hands and kiss babies.

A Focus On Poverty

Another issue Pope Francis has been focusing on is poverty and economic injustice, prompting some financial commentators to label him anti-capitalist.
What is clear is that he is opposed to "laissez-faire capitalism."

Over recent weeks he has delivered a series of strong statements:

"Unbridled capitalism has taught us the logic of profit at all costs, of exploitation without regard to persons," he said in one speech.

He fiercely criticized the "cult of money" and said the origin of the global financial crisis was the lack of "person-centered ethics in the world of finance and economics."

And he also noted that "if investments in the banks fall a bit, [it's a] tragedy.... but if people die of hunger, if they don't have enough to eat or aren't well, it doesn't matter."

This is tough language, and it's a signal that concrete issues like poverty and globalization are going to be key issues of his papacy.

Francis has already been dubbed the first global pope — his focus is far beyond just Europe and the developed world.

Francis inherited a church in disarray and plagued by scandals. Up to now, the changes in the new papacy are style and tone. Vatican watchers are waiting to see what real changes the new pope might bring in areas such as sexual ethics and dealing with the massive Vatican bureaucracy.

So far, one key move has been his appointment of a committee of eight cardinals, all but one from outside the Vatican, as his advisers. This is seen as a shift away from absolute monarchical rule of the Vatican to more collective church management.

There's also the issue of the Vatican Bank and its murky dealings. Italian authorities have long suspected it of being involved in money laundering and other illegal activities.

Last week, the Vatican issued its first report on the Holy See's financial dealings, saying it found six suspect transactions in 2012, acknowledging that was five more than the previous year. The report was hailed as a sign that the Vatican intends to be much more transparent and rigorous in its financial operations.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

Pope Francis has been in office now for two months, and he has frequently made headlines for remarks that contrast sharply from his predecessors - and even centuries-old Catholic dogma. The latest was a statement last week that all human beings, including atheists, can be redeemed.

NPR's Sylvia Poggioli joins us on the line from Rome, to discuss the new pope. Good morning, Sylvia.

SYLVIA POGGIOLI, BYLINE: Good morning, David.

GREENE: OK, so tell me about what the pope actually had to say about atheists here.

POGGIOLI: Well, this was in a homily that he delivered in the chapel of the residence where he has decided to live. He recites Mass and delivers a homily there every morning, except Sunday, for Vatican employees and whoever else might be staying at the Domus Santa Marta.

In a passage inspired by the Gospel of Mark, Pope Francis said, "The Lord has redeemed all of us with the Blood of Christ, not just Catholics. Everyone, even the atheists." The pope added, "We must meet one another doing good."

Now, headlines immediately proclaimed, "Even Atheists Can Go To Heaven." But the Vatican intervened. A spokesman said: People who know the Catholic Church cannot be saved if they refuse to enter, or remain in her.

Yes, the Vatican's spin tried to dampen the media hype, but the remarks are still an example of a greater inclusiveness under this pope. Early in his papacy, he said atheists can be precious allies in the building of a peaceful coexistence between peoples, and in the careful protection of creation. So this is a style of a parish priest who wants dialogue with his flock, and beyond.

GREENE: Yeah, not just an offhand remark. I mean, this was clearly a message that he wanted to send. And this does not sound a lot like Pope Benedict, who left this office several months ago.

POGGIOLI: No, absolutely. Benedict's speeches were heavy on theology and carefully prepared. Francis uses a conversational, down-to-earth tone. And to the dismay of the Vatican press office, he often improvises. He talks about his personal history. He gives homey anecdotes about his mother and grandmother. He even said recently that he sometimes nods off to sleep while praying.

You never heard anything personal from Benedict, who focused on the dangers of the contemporary world. Francis seems to have a more optimistic personality. He loves to mix with the faithful in the huge crowds in St. Peter's Square, and shake hands and kiss babies.

GREENE: This pope has also been talking a lot about economic injustice, about poverty. I mean, is there an anti-capitalist message here as well?

POGGIOLI: Well, he's certainly opposed to what's called laissez-faire capitalism. He has delivered a series of strong statements - "unbridled capitalism has taught us the logic of profit at all costs, of exploitation without regard to persons." He fiercely criticized the cult of money, and said the origin of the global financial crisis was the lack of person-centered ethics in the world of finance and economics. He said if investments in the banks fall a bit, it's a tragedy, but if people die of hunger, they don't have enough eat, well, that doesn't matter.

This is tough language, and it's a signal that these concrete issues - like poverty and globalization - are going to be the focus of his papacy. He's already been dubbed the first global pope, and his focus is far beyond just Europe and the developed world.

GREENE: Well - and Sylvia, what about the concrete issues inside the Vatican itself? I mean, this new pope came in at a time of scandal; at a time when the Catholic Church, in many ways, seemed in disarray. Is he addressing those things?

POGGIOLI: Well, one key move has been his appointment of a committee of eight cardinals - all but one from outside the Vatican - as his advisers. This could be seen as a more collective church management from now on. Another important issue is the murky dealings of the Vatican Bank, long suspected of being involved in money laundering and other illegal activities. Last week, the Vatican issued its first report, saying it found six suspect transactions in 2012, acknowledging that was five more than the previous year. This is an effort at greater transparency, and it comes under Francis's watch.

GREENE: All right, Sylvia, thanks so much.

POGGIOLI: Thank you, David.

GREENE: We've been hearing about Pope Francis, who's been in office for two months, from NPR's Sylvia Poggioli in Rome.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

GREENE: This is NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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